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Most seizures last one to two minutes and resolve on their own. If your dog has a seizure for more than two minutes, and/or if there is more than one seizure observed, your dog needs emergency veterinary care.
Signs of Seizures
- Jerking of the limbs and body
- Muscle twitching
- Accidental pooping and peeing during the episode
- Disorientation (e.g. does not seem responsive to you, seems confused)
- Inability to stand
- Profuse drooling
What You Can Do if Your Dog Has a Seizure
- Check your watch, to record how long the seizure lasts.
- Keep your dog from hitting his/her head on anything hard like furniture or walls. Carefully move your dog away from those things, and/or provide a barrier with pillows or bedding.
- Keep your dog away from stairs and from high areas that he/she could fall from.
- Record additional information about the seizures (whether there was jerking of the limbs or muscle twitching of body parts, whether your dog pooped or peed during the episode, etc.). A video of the seizure may also be useful.
- Check your household for any evidence that your dog ingested something toxic. Have any plants been chewed on? Did the dog get into any chemicals or medications?
- If your dog is a puppy, rub his/her gums with a cotton swab soaked with Karo syrup or maple syrup.
Common Causes of Seizures
- Ingestion of toxic substances (e.g. poisonous plants, medications, chemicals)
- Idiopathic epilepsy (no medical reason found for the seizures)
- Canine Distemper Virus
- Low blood sugar (common in puppies, rare in adult dogs)
- Brain tumors
Treatment of Seizures
- A dog actively having a seizure is usually given an anti-seizure medication intravenously to stop the seizure.
- If the seizures were from a poisonous substance, your dog will likely be treated with intravenous fluid therapy, and may be given activated charcoal by mouth to prevent further absorption of the poisonous substance.
- If the seizures have happened more than once, and no medical reason for the seizures is found, then your dog will likely be started on oral anti-seizure medication to prevent further seizures.